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K320S-200 Remaining Useful Life Evaluation Routine (RULER®)

Test Method
The portable Remaining Useful Life Evaluation Routine (RULER®) instrument measures the oxidative resistance levels of mineral and synthetic hydrocarbon oils, ester-based and biodegradable oils. Utilizing voltammetric techniques, the RULER® quantitatively analyzes the relative concentrations of antioxidants in new and used oils in order to monitor the depletion rates of the antioxidant protection package in the oil. The RULER® can be used proactively in order to determine proper oil change intervals and to extend oil change intervals through timely antioxidant additive replenishments. In addition, the RULER® can be used to quantify antioxidant levels of incoming and stored oil supplies and to detect abnormal operating conditions prior to equipment failure signalled by abrupt antioxidant depletion rates.

Features and Benefits
• Patented electrochemical measurement technique

• Conforms to ASTM D6810 and D6971

• Compact and completely portable hand-held unit

• Windows® CE-based simple touch screen operation

• Durable for use in harsh and industrial environments

• 320 x 240 pixel LCD backlit touch screen with automatic contrast

• Stores over 100 tests in memory

• Quick data communication and downloading laptop and desktop computers

• Integrated charge status/low-battery indicator with intelligent fast charge

• Long-life lithium-ion battery with power backup

The RULER® Instrument
The patented RULER® technology is a portable oil analysis instrument that quickly measures the levels of antioxidants in petroleum- and synthetic-based oils, greases, and industrial fluids. Designed to provide rapid and accurate evaluations of lubricant oxidation stability and remaining antioxidant concentration, the RULER® is ideal for field testing, maintenance facilities, and oil analysis laboratories as part of a proactive oil condition monitoring program.

The Role of Antioxidants
The antioxidants added to lubricants are vital to fluid integrity and are specially formulated for each type of application, accounting for the various exposures to heat, atmospheric oxygen, and water. Under normal machine operating conditions, radical oxidation would typically degrade any lubricant without a protective additive package. This could result in sludge and deposit formation, filter blockages, oil thickening, and an increase in oil acidity. The antioxidants present in the additive package will significantly limit oil degradation from occurring but will be depleted in the process. Therefore, it is imperative to know the status of the antioxidants in oils being used in service.

Conventional Measurement Techniques
Many conventional laboratory techniques such as kinematic viscosity, total acid number (TAN), infrared (IR) data, and wear metal analysis are used for measuring the extent of oil degradation. These techniques only begin to show significant changes in the physical and chemical properties of the oils when a majority of the antioxidants have been depleted and the oil has begun to substantially degrade, approaching the end of its useful life. This is a point where machine wear and failure may become a severe problem. However, to ensure that a lubricant is not used past the end of its useful life, periodic oil changes are inherently conservative which results in discarding lubricant that is still suitable for use.

The RULER® Measurement Technology
The RULER® instrument quantitatively determines the remaining utility of the lubricant by measuring the remaining concentrations of the antioxidants. The rate of antioxidant depletion over time can be monitored and used to predict proper oil change intervals as well as detect abnormal equipment operation prior to machine breakdown. These important assessments can be easily made by field personnel from the data acquired and analyzed by the RULER® instrument. The results are then presented directly on the touch screen. In addition, the RULER® Data Management Software (R-DMS®) system, which is part of the RULER® package, enhances this monitoring process and can be utilized on a desktop or laptop computer.

The measurement principal of the RULER® is based upon linear voltammetry, where this patented electrochemistry technique can evaluate a wide range of antioxidants without any interference from water, fuel, soot, dirt, metal, silt, or other contaminants. The analysis of an oil sample requires the addition of less than 0.5 mL of oil to an electrolytic test solution and insertion of the RULER® probe into the solution. The instrument applies a voltage ramp across the three-electrode sensing system in the probe. At specific voltage values, the antioxidants will become chemically excited and create an oxidation current that is recorded by the instrument. A plot of oxidation current versus voltage, known as a voltammagram, is displayed on the touch screen. The results can then be readily analyzed using the RULER® instrument software and interpreted by the field operator to determine if any immediate maintenance action is necessary or to plan for the next appropriate oil change interval.

The RULER® Data Management Software (R-DMS®)
Utilizing the RULER® Data Management Software (R-DMS®) on a desktop or laptop computer, the resulting data for each test site can be easily tracked over time, enabling the user to identify normal trends for any given piece of equipment. Variations from these trends can be indicative of changes in system operating conditions causing the accelerated oxidation of the lubricant. The R-DMS® software package can maintain a large database of test results, display multiple test results, export data to other formats, and incorporate trending data from other techniques such as viscosity, acid number, infrared (IR) data, and wear metal analysis to provide a complete condition monitoring package. Therefore, with complete information about lubricant quality, determinations can be easily made regarding oil change intervals or additive reinforcement to extend the life of the lubricant.

The RULER® Test Solutions
The patented test solutions formulated specifically for RULER® analysis optimize the measurement of specific antioxidants in any given class of oils. These RULER® test solutions are provided in 7mL glass vials which attach easily to the RULER® test probe, have been identified by different colored caps, and are convenient for field and remote testing. Each vial contains 5mL of a specific test solution and 1g of specially prepared sand. After an oil sample is added to the test solution and the vial is shaken, the oil and debris will adhere to the sand and the antioxidants will remain in the solution for RULER® analysis. The shelf life of the RULER® solutions is at least one year from the date of manufacture. The black solutions are for RULER® Acid Number (RAN).

The RULER® test solutions are available in four main classes: red, green, blue, and yellow. The red solutions have been designed for aviation oil applications, which includes ester-based turbine oils. The green solutions have been designed for general applications, which include phosphate ester-based oils, gear, compressor and hydraulic oils, greases, and transformer oils. The blue solutions have been designed for combustion engine applications, which include gear oils, gasoline and diesel crankcase oils, and marine oils. The yellow solutions have been designed for rust and oxidation applications, which include mineral-based steam and gas turbine oils, phosphate ester-based oils, gear oils, compressor and hydraulic oils, gasoline and diesel crankcase oils, marine oils, greases, and transformer oils.

CE Certified

Communication Ports:
Standard RS-232 port

Operating Temperature Range:
-30†C to +50†C
-22†F to +122†F

Power Supply
Rechargeable lithium-ion battery pack
Rechargeable lithium-manganese backup battery pack

Electrical Requirements
120V 50/60Hz
220V 50/60Hz

Included Accessories
Cable, and Communication Software
R-DMS® Software Package (RULER® Data Management Software)
RULER® Probe
Carrying Case for RULER® instrument and accessories
Micropipettor with disposable tips
Alcohol pads
Tissue Wipes
Instruction Manual

Dimensions lxwxh,in.(cm)
24.8x10.4x6.1 (9.75x4.1x2.4)
Net Weight: 1.9 lbs (0.85kg)

Shipping Information
Shipping Weight: 10 lbs (4.5kg)
Dimensions: 2 Cu. ft.

Ordering Information
Product Description Electrical Requirements
K320S-200 RULER® Instrument 115V 50/60Hz
K320S-290 RULER® Instrument 220V 50/60Hz

RULER® Test Solutions - Vials
One case of RULER® test solution vials consists of 144 glass vials filled with 1g of sand and 5mL of the test solution. Choose from the following solutions based upon your application. Please contact Koehler Customer Service with any questions about ordering the test solutions.
Product Description
K131-144 Red - Aviation Applications
K132-144 Green - General Applications
K133-144 Blue - Combustion Engine Applications
K134-144 Yellow - Rust and Oxidation Applications
K137-144 Black - RAN
RULER® Test Solutions - Bottles
The RULER® test solutions are also available in 500mL bottles. Glass vials filled with 1g of sand are also needed to perform the proper analysis. Choose from the following solutions based upon your application. Please contact Koehler Customer Service with any questions about ordering the test solutions.
Product Description
K131-500 Red - Aviation Applications
K132-500 Green - General Applications
K133-500 Blue - Combustion Engine Applications
K134-500 Yellow - Rust and Oxidation Applications
K137-250 Black - RAN 250mL bottle
K144SW Glass vials with sand (box of 200)
K144SB Glass vials for RAN (box of 100)
Optional Accessories
Product Description Additional Information
K144C Alcohol pads 1000 individually sealed pads
K115 Tissue wipes box of 300
K120-100T Adjustable Multirange Micropipettor 20, 25, 50, 100µL
K120-500T Adjustable Multirange Micropipettor 200, 250, 300, 500µL
K121-100T Pipettor Tips for K120-100T pack of 48
K121-500T Pipettor Tips for K120-500T pack of 48

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